The creation of vacuum physical model, correlating with the distribution phenomena of light and electromagnetic waves as well as explaining the inertia and gravitation nature, is one of the problems absorbed and absorbing scientists’ minds and causing non-ceasing disputes. Nevertheless the vacuum non-contradictory physical model is not created until now. This paper purpose consists in showing of this problem solution opportunity on the basis of the appeared representations use about the neutron matter. The article has the conceptual character. The author’s idea to use the neutron matter for the problem solution of the non-empty vacuum (ether) has arisen at the development of the atom rotary model presented in this collection of papers as well [1.] 

The atom rotary model known from the D.I. Mendeleyev’s table is the elementary particles aggregate represented in the form of synchronously rotating magnetic tops (rotors) brought together. The forces of electric and magnetic pushing away should be overcome and the conditions of mechanical linkage taking into consideration the mutual orientation of their spins and the magnetic moments are provided for joint particles rotation. Their spins should be anti-parallel at the lateral 
linkage, and they should be parallel at the butt linkage. 

As it is shown in the article [1] that the modern table of elements consists of the atoms formed at bringing together protons, both electrons and neutrons as well as the atoms representing proton and proton-neutron matter. Particles are joined by strong forces of electric and magnetic interaction in these atoms and that’s why these atoms represent physical bodies usual for us, which cannot be a basis of invisible thin ether. As it is shown in the article [1], the thin neutron matter consisting of neutrons, linked by weak forces of their magnetic interaction can be such a basis. Let’s show that such a matter can exist and let’s investigate its properties. 

1. Formation of a neutron matter. 

It is known that particles, which the matter can be created of, bring the Solar wind to the Earth. As it is shown in the Fig. 1, the particles spins of the Solar wind are oriented in space not accidentally, but in parallel to the photons spins emitted by the Sun. The particles rotary models of the Solar wind, developed in the work [1], are given in the figure. Here are the directions of the particles vector spins shown by arrows, and the magnetic moments shown by hatching. The protons and 
electrons charges are shown by the signs + and -. Neutrons have no charge. 

It is visible that the spins collinear geometry of particles favors the butt magnetic linkage of neutrons and formation of neutron chains just at their output from the Sun and during the flight to the Earth. It is considered that the neutrons unstable in a free state, become steady at the large density of a substance. Therefore it is possible to assume that the whole space of the Solar system is penetrated by the invisible, easily broken neutron chains dispersing radially from the Sun and forming the 
neutron matter. 

Protons, electrons and other particles, which proton and proton-neutron matter atoms are formed of, fly in parallel to neutron chains from the Sun to the Earth as well. Since the spins antiparallelism is required for these particles linkage, so atoms are formed in the places of various turbulences, for example, at the Earth and other physical bodies blowing by the Solar wind.

In the author’s opinion, neutron chains are the power lines of the magnetic field, operating within the Solar wind striking distance at the same time. A part of these chains spreads in the Earth direction and smoothly flows round it, forming magnetopause and a long tail of the main component of a geomagnetic field. The strong local magnets, being on the Earth surface, are capable to break neutron chains off and redirect them to themselves, forming local magnetic fields and abnormal component of the geomagnetic field. Let's notice that the chains density and, accordingly, the geomagnetic field intensity increases at the Earth rounding. Thus we can discuss the structure of non- empty vacuum, if we accept evenly the existence of the space magnetic field. 

2. Elastic properties of the neutron ether. 

Whether the neutron model meets the ether requirements? 
It is known that the occurrence of wave processes is possible only at some distributed masses and elastic forces available uniting masses to the continuous ether medium. The neutrons unified by the magnetic attraction forces are such masses in our case. 

Reasoning from the very high speed of electromagnetic waves distribution, the modern science requires the high elasticity and very small density from the ether medium. Thus it cannot be a physical body as it is the basis of electromagnetic waves distribution with small attenuation. 

The high elasticity is reached due to magnetic pushing away of neutron chains at distribution in the limited volume 4п of the Solar system sphere in our model of the neutron ether. At this volume filling, the neutrons are as though compressed by a mutual attraction lengthways and pushing away across chains. Thus they endeavor continuous pressure from the Sun due to new neutrons formation. Particles have no place to disappear and the neutron medium enlarges uniformly. Thus it flows round the physical bodies borrowing certain space within it. The ether elasticity increases owing to the replacement of the neutrons part by physical bodies. The additional factor is the magnetic pushing away of particles having parallel magnetic moments. 

The characteristics of non-raised neutron environment cannot be measured, as any physical device will change its state at measurements. Therefore it is expedient to use known theoretical estimations for their definition. One of the vacuum important characteristics, defining the light speed, is the density. It is possible to assert under the assumption of the described mechanism of the neutron ether formation that it possesses high uniformity except for the areas close to physical bodies. So, as it is shown in the work [2] that the value of the vacuum density ? can be found through its constants such as wave resistance and light speed by the formula 

The expression (4) shows, that the ether medium should have the magnetic nature, and its magnetic permeability should play a role of the density (inertial mass) and be very small. It follows unequivocally in case of the neutron ether model that these conditions are really executed, as neutrons form the magnetic medium, which magnetic permeability is its basic feature. 

3. Electromagnetic properties of neutron ether. 

It is necessary to investigate the electromagnetic properties of neutron ether connected with the opportunity of distribution, transversity and polarizability of light and electromagnetic waves among the considered characteristics. It is known that discussing physical properties of the ether, Maxwell assumed that the "light consists of transversal wavy movements of the same medium, which serves as the reason of the electric and magnetic phenomena". The transversity of an electromagnetic wave is caused by the perpendicularity of the intensity vectors E and H and its distribution direction.

The transversal movement of neutrons and their magnetic properties are used in the neutron ether model. As it has been shown above, the neutrons forming a radial grid, filling circumsolar space are the neutron ether carriers of electromagnetic waves. These particles have an opportunity only the transversal elastic fluctuations caused by the magnetic pushing away of neutron chains. The longitudinal linkage along the chain is not elastic, but articulate. If the displacement can be betrayed to the initial point of such a chain, so the shift wave will start to extend along it, which vector of displacement will be perpendicular to the chain. The vector direction of such fluctuations displacement can be arbitrary or fixed - polarized in a spatial lattice of neutron chains. Besides a neutron is the electroneutral particle having the magnetic moment and mechanical spin. Hence, the shift waves of neutrons are accompanied by transversal magnetic and spin waves of the same frequency and polarization. It can be assumed that the mechanisms distinction of light and electromagnetic waves distribution is possible here. So, it is known that the light extends in the form of photons, which unique characteristic is the spin, oriented in parallel or anti-parallel to the movement direction. Otherwise, the light is the spin wave of the neutron matter. The electromagnetic wave in the neutron medium is connected with the magnetic transversal component. In accordance with the Maxwell’s equations, the magnetic stream, changing in due course, should create the electric field changing synchronously in the same point of space. No electric field should 
be in front of or behind it. Physically this phenomenon can be realized due to the special internal structure of a neutron. For example, it can be assumed that the short-term unbalance of the proton and electron occurs at the neutron acceleration charges being the part of its structure. Thus either positive or negative charge corresponding positive or negative half-wave of an electric field can occur depending on the direction of the neutron acceleration. In that case it is possible to assert that the magnetic shift waves of neutrons are accompanied by transversal electromagnetic waves.

Besides owing to the gyroscopic properties of neutrons, the neutron medium can possess other mechanisms of waves excitation as well, for example, precessional and solitonic, connected with the rotation precession and overturning of the magnetic moments of neutrons. The mechanical moment of a neutron gives the magnetic moment stability for its orientation like a gyroscope. The magnetic moment cannot be reoriented instantly and precessings around the power line, raising a rotary magnetic wave at indignations. There is an excitation of the lonely magnetic wave called as the magnetic soliton at overturning precession. As the soliton extends similarly to the dominoes overturning wave put on an edge, so such waves can spread to greater distances practically without attenuation. 

The ether neutron model is as though the model development by W. Thomson, one of the classical physics creators [2]. It was supposed that the ether is quasi-rigid absolutely resisting to any turns, but can be subjected to shift deformation according to his concept. In order that the ether model meets the condition of the turn absolute resistance, W. Thomson arranged rotating gyroscopes on rigid ties. The ether model created in such a way according to W. Thomson's concept is capable to transfer fluctuations just as the natural ether does. It is possible to assume that the offered neutron model meets the requirements to the ether electromagnetic properties as well. 


The ether new model based on the assumption of the neutron matter existence, formed by the Solar wind and filling the circumsolar space has been offered. The conducted analysis shows its adequacy to the natural ether providing the distribution of light and electromagnetic waves. It is shown that the ether and space magnetic field have the same neutron physical nature. It was possible to confirm physically the mutual linkage between magnetic and electric fields of an electromagnetic wave, its transversity and small attenuation in a neutron ether taking into account the features of a neutron structure. It is obvious that the obtained results require the experimental check. But it is necessary to learn finding out the elastic fluctuations of the thin neutron medium and considering its presence on the Earth and in Space for this purpose realization. 


1.I.I. Zima Atom rotary model. In this edition. 
1.F.F. Gorbatsevich. Fundamentals of non-empty ether theory.